Sufism – Tasawwuf
Sufism is not a separate sect outside Islam, it is the heart of Islam itself. Other words for sufism is Islamic spirituality, Tasawwuf (science of the Heart). Sufism stand for spirituality, the word sufism is derived from the word Ahl al suffa (people of the bench), poor who practiced asceticism, or zuhd and lived in the mosque in Medina at the time of the Prophet Muhammad(Pbuh) .
‘Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr said, “The Suffa Companions were poor people and the Prophet said, ‘Whoever has food for two persons should take a third one from them (Suffa companions). And whosoever has food for four persons he should take one or two from them’ Abu Bakr took three men and the Prophet took ten of them.”
Sufism has his own spiritual schools within Islam just like we have the school of sunni laws , we also have sectors within spirituality which is guided by a spiritual guide.
– Qadriya, Naqsbandi, Chisty…
The four stages within Islam
Shariat (the law) outer
Sufism is in accordance with the four Madh’hab (school of fiqh) by the four Imams , Imam Malik, Imam Al Shafi, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Ahmad Abn Hambal